The Government of His Majesty the Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei Darussalam, through the Department of Economic Planning and Development (JPKE), has conducted the Household Expenditure Survey (HES) 2015/16 starting from 1 April 2015 to 31 March 2016. HES 2015/16 was the sixth of its kind being conducted in the country.
The main objectives of HES were to collect up-to-date and comprehensive information on the pattern of household expenditure as well as the level of household income; to revise the lists and weightings of goods and services of the Consumer Price Index (CPI); and provide additional information for national accounts and social statistics purposes.
The JPKE has released the 2015/2016 HES Survey Summary Findings Report based on the final data from the survey. On household expenditure in 2015/2016, the average consumption expenditure for a household in the country increased by 28 dollars or point 2 percent to 2 thousand 923 dollars per month, compared to 2 thousand 895 dollars per month in 2010/2011. In terms of per capita expenditure, the national average was about 472 dollars per month compared to 457 dollars per month in 2010/2011.
Expenditure on housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels was the highest at 988 dollars per month, or 33 point 8 percent of the total monthly expenses. This was followed by expenditure on transport at 379 dollars per month or 13 percent, and food at 364 dollars per month or 12 point 5 percent.
Household expenditure on education recorded the highest increase of 18 point 3 percent per year in a period of five years from 79 dollars per month in 2010/2011 to 183 dollars per month in 2015/2016. Meanwhile, spending on furnishing, household equipment and routine household maintenance recorded the most decrease of 9 point 4 per cent per year from 223 dollars per month in 2010/2011 to 136 dollars per month in 2015/2016.
The median monthly household expenditure in 2015/2016 was 2 thousand 205 dollars compared to 2 thousand 241 dollars in 2010/2011. This indicated that half of the households in Brunei Darussalam spent less than 2 thousand 205 dollars per month and the other half spent more than 2 thousand 205 dollars.
Meanwhile, the median household income in 2015/2016 was 5 thousand 611 dollars per month, indicating that half of all households in the country earned an income of less than 5 thousand 611 dollars per month, while the other half received more than 5 thousand 611 dollars per month. This represented an increase of 4 point 2 per cent per year from 4 thousand 576 dollars in 2010/2011.
Meanwhile, the average monthly household income in Brunei Darussalam in 2015/2016 increased by 4 point 3 per cent per year to 7 thousand 9 dollars from 5 thousand 670 dollars in 2010/2011. The per capita monthly income also increased to one thousand 131 dollars from 895 dollars in 2010/2011.
By income sources, paid employment contributed the largest portion of the average monthly household income at 70 point 7 per cent or 4 thousand 953 dollars in 2015/2016. Self-employment income, including income of family workers, accounted for 5 point 8 per cent or 409 dollars of the average monthly household income. Meanwhile, property and transfer income contributed 12 point 5 per cent or 878 dollars and 11 per cent or 770 dollars respectively.
The Summary Findings of the Household Expenditure Survey 2015/16 is available from JPKE's website, while the detailed report will be released in a forthcoming publication. For any enquiries, call 2230250 or 2230265 during office hours or email to 'firstname.lastname@example.org' or visit the website at 'www.depd.gov.bn'.
Source: Radio Television Brunei